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Diabetes Mellitus (DM)

  • What is Diabetes Mellitus?

  • Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a group of chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels because the body does not produce enough insulin or deficiency of insulin.


    Insulin is a peptide hormone produced by the beta cells of the Islets of Langerhans which located in the pancreas, controls the amount of sugar in the blood and it is needed to turn sugar and to process carbohydrates, fat, and protein into energy. Insulin lowers the blood glucose level.

    The World Health Organization recognizes two idiopathic forms types of diabetes mellitus; type 1 {Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile-onset diabetes} and type 2 {Non–Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes}. Diabetes can occur temporarily during pregnancy, these kind of diabetes known as Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM).


    The most easily to recognized symptoms of diabetes mellitus are secondary to hyperglycemia (blood glucose level high than normal), glycosuria (increased urinary frequency and volume), and ketoacidosis (KA). Diabetes Mellitus can cause many complications, include cardiovascular disease (doubled risk), chronic renal failure, retinal damage (which can lead to blindness), nerve damage (of several kinds), and microvascular damage, which may cause impotence and poor healing.

    The more tightly a person with diabetes is able to control the levels of sugar in the blood, the less likely it is that these complications will develop or become worse. Commonly, Diabetes mellitus cases are cause by Genetic issues, Environmental factors, Chemical, and Other (Congenital absence of the pancreas, Pancreatectomy, Wolfram syndrome, Chromosomal disorders).

    2 Comments:

    Blogger Sharon said...

    Hi,

    7.9% of the United States population is suffering from a form of Diabetes. That is over 23 million people! Now, more than ever, it is important for organizations such as yourself. We here, at Disease.com (a site dedicated towards disease and their treatments), believe in the work you do and would like to coincide for the fight against diabetes. If you could, please list us as a resource or host our social book mark button, it would be much appreciated. Separately, we can make advancements, but together we can find a cure.
    If you need more information please email me back with the subject line as your URL.

    Thank You,
    Sharon Vegoe
    Disease.com

    December 14, 2009 at 10:33 PM  
    Anonymous high blood sugar symptoms said...

    Thanks for the information to Identify High Blood Sugar Symptoms By myself.And these are Dryness of mouth,Tiredness,Increased Urination,Frequent thirst,Weight Loss.

    October 28, 2011 at 11:48 AM  

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